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Archive for September 9th, 2013

Former Police Superintendent LeRoy Martin, Sr. eulogized as an agent for change, a fighter for justice, and a man “committed to do good”

Posted by Juanita Bratcher On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

Martin was “brutally honest” and “almost always” would give a straight and honest answer. “He would tell you the truth” – Eugene E. Williams, Chief, Bureau of Administration, CPD.

By Juanita Bratcher

Author, Editor & Publisher of CopyLine Magazine

Former Chicago Police Superintendent LeRoy Martin, Sr. was an “agent for change,” “a fighter for justice,” and a man who “loved life and lived it to the fullest,” according to friends and colleagues who gave tributes during funeral services for Martin Saturday at the House of Hope, 752 East 114th Street, in Chicago.

Martin was appointed Chicago Police Superintendent by Mayor Harold Washington in 1987 and served 37 years with the Chicago Police Department.

According to Martin’s Obituary, in 1955, he became a beat patrolman with the Chicago Police Department and worked his way up through the ranks. He worked as an Accident Investigator in the Traffic Division, went on to the Youth Division, Vice Control, Internal Affairs, and the Auditing and Internal Control Division.

Martin was promoted to Sergeant in 1965, Lieutenant in 1975 and Captain in 1981. He served as Commander of Narcotics and Commander of the Detective Division in Area 2. He was promoted to Deputy Chief of Patrol in Area 4 in 1984. And he held that position until named Police Superintendent in 1987.

But his law enforcement career didn’t end there. After retiring from the CPD in 1992, Martin would serve in other positions: Director of Public Safety for the Chicago Housing Authority, Chief of Police for Central Management Services for the State of Illinois, and Chief of Investigations for the Cook County Medical Examiner’s Office.

“Men like LeRoy Martin were part of the solution…a steady agent of change…a life line for many,” said Rev, Jesse Knox, III, Church of the Good Shepherd, noting Martin’s quest for justice, freedom, prosperity and peace.

Eugene E. Williams, Chief, Bureau of Administration, CPD, said Martin was “brutally honest” and “almost always” would give a straight and honest answer. “He would tell you the truth.”

Williams said the second most difficult job is that of being Superintendent of Police, that a superintendent often pushes his troops to the very limits because giving in and failure is never an option.

“Superintendent Martin lived and breathed CPD blue. Sure, he realized how blessed he was to be superintendent – but it can get awfully lonely at the top,” adding that Chicago Police Superintendents Garry McCarthy, Jody Weis,   Phil Cline, Terry Hillard, and Matt Rodriguez can attest to that.  “Indeed, those four stars can become very, very heavy on your shoulders. But you have to take the hits. And Supt. Martin took more than his fair share…you got to be strong and you have to push hard.”

Liking superintendents to that of Marines, Williams said “Once a superintendent, always a superintendent,” and that Martin and other superintendents couldn’t have done it unless having strong support from family.

Reflecting on Martin’s life, tribute speakers said there was a powerful impression of Martin as a great man, committed to do good, and an “honest cop” as he moved up in command. He walked a straight line always, no exception, and wanted to interact with family and neighbors.

It was pointed out that former Police Superintendent, Fred Rice, now deceased, who was also appointed to the post by Mayor Harold Washington, said of Martin, “I never met a finer police officer.”

Colleagues and friends said Marin was open, honest, direct and to the point; a man of great humility.

There were ceremonies by the Chicago Police Department, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, and St Jude Society. Bishop Tellas Jackson gave the Eulogy. Other participants were Karl Cunningham (Organ Prelude), Pastor Darrell Andrews, Harvey Memorial Community Church; Rev. Frank Sherrod (soloist); Lynne Rone (Poem); Dr. Daniel Harrison (Scripture), Church of Christ; Ruby Rogers (Acknowledgements); Quincy Cochran (Recessional). Tributes were made by Father John J. Sullivan, Chaplain, Cook County Sheriff Police & Illinois State Police; Rev. Jesse Knox, III, Church of the Good Shepherd; Sharon Ellis Reed, Chaplain, Chicago Police Department; and Eugene E. Williams, Chief, Bureau of Administration, and Martin’s grandchildren. Terry Hilliard, Retired Superintendent of Police, was also listed on the program for a tribute. Resolutions were given by the Chicago Police Department and Harvey Memorial Community Church.

Rev. James Meeks is pastor of the House of Hope and a former Illinois State Senator.

Reportedly, when the Superintendent post was open, in an interview with the mayor, Martin was asked, what’s different about you? His response: “I fight crime.”

And to Martin they would say: “Job well done my good and faithful servant,” a Biblical excerpt from Matthew 25:23.

LeRoy Martin, Sr. died on August 31, 2013. He was 84 years old.

Martin leaves to cherish his memory his loving wife of 59 years, Constance Maxine; sons LeRoy Jr. (Denise) and Ronald (Tensie); daughter Dawn; brother Henry (Dorothy); sister Rosalie Thomas; eight sisters-in-laws, sever brothers-in-law; nieces, nephews and other relatives and friends.

Martin was a dedicated law enforcement professional whose career spanned many decades. And oh, what a journey it was, his family, friends, supporters and colleagues all acknowledge.

It was a journey that was deemed a blessing for Martin, his family, friends, colleagues, mankind and the world.

Lincoln Died for Our Sins

Posted by Admin On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

This article is the ninth of an 11-part series on race

By Jelani Cobb

The opening scene of Steven Spielberg’s cinemythic portrait of the sixteenth president features President Abraham Lincoln seated on a stage, half cloaked in darkness, and observing the Union forces he is sending into battle. It’s an apt metaphor for the man himself-both visible and obscure, inside the tempest yet somehow above the fray. Lincoln was released in early November, just in time to shape our discussions of January 1, 2013, the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation.
Yet with its themes of redemption and sacrifice, Spielberg’s film could seem less suited for an anniversary celebration than an annual one. Here is a vision of a lone man, tested by betrayal, besieged by enemies whom he regards without malice, a man who is killed for his convictions only to be resurrected as a moral exemplar. Spielberg’s Lincoln is perhaps less fitted to January 1st than it is to the holiday that precedes it by a week.
In fairness, this narrative of Lincoln’s Civil War, equal parts cavalry and Calvary, did not originate with Spielberg. The legend of the Great Emancipator began even as Lincoln lay dying in a boardinghouse across from Ford’s Theater that night in April 1865 in the same way that JFK’s mythic standing as a civil rights stalwart was born at Dealey Plaza in November 1963.
In the wake of his assassination, Lincoln, the controversial and beleaguered president, was remade into Lincoln the Savior, an American Christ-figure who carried the nation’s sins. Pulling off this transformation, this historical alchemy, has required that we as a nation redact the messier parts of Lincoln’s story in favor of an untainted, morally unconflicted commander in chief who was untouched by the biases of the day and unyielding in his opposition to slavery. We have little use for tainted Christs. Through Lincoln the Union was “saved” in more than one sense of the word.
History is malleable. There is always the temptation to remake the past in the contours that are most comforting to us. In a nation tasked with reconciling its democratic ideals with the reality of slavery, Lincoln has become a Rorschach test of sorts. What we see when we look at him says as much about ourselves as it does about him. And what we see, or choose to see, most often is a figure of unimpeachable moral standing who allows Americans to gaze at ourselves in the mirror of history and smile. If the half-life for this kind of unblemished heroism is limited-we’ve grown more cynical across the board-it has remained resonant enough for our politicians today to profit from their association with it. The signal achievement of Spielberg’s Lincoln is the renovation of that vision of Lincoln, a makeover for a nation that had elected its first black president to a second term just three days before the film hit theaters.
In 2007 Barack Obama announced his presidential candidacy in Springfield, Ill., deliberately conjuring comparisons to that other lanky lawyer who spent time in the state legislature there. There is no shortage of politicians claiming an affinity with Lincoln-George W. Bush saw himself as a Lincolnesque figure when he was prosecuting the war on terror-but rarely have the parallels been as apparent as they are with Obama. The candidate played up that angle, visiting the Lincoln Memorial just before his inauguration, carrying a well-thumbed copy of Team of Rivals on the campaign trail, slipping sly riffs on Lincoln’s second inaugural address into his own first one, and taking the oath of office on the Lincoln Bible.
Beyond the obvious, though, lies a deeper theme between Obama and Lincoln: the identities of both men are inextricably bound to questions of both disunity and progress in this country. It’s worth recalling that Obama’s rise to prominence was a product of his 2004 speech to the Democratic National Convention, in which he offered a compelling, if Photoshopped, vision of a United States where there are no red states or blue states, where neither race nor religion nor ideology can undermine national unity.
Obama walked onto that stage an obscure state legislator; he left it a virtual avatar of American reconciliation, the most obvious brand of which was racial. Implicit within his subsequent campaign, particularly after the flashpoint of controversy over Jeremiah Wright’s sermons, was the possibility of amnesty for the past. Nowhere was this more apparent than in Obama’s “More Perfect Union” speech in Philadelphia in March 2008. Delivered at a time when the campaign was virtually hemorrhaging hope, the speech was a deft manipulation of the very human aspiration to break with the messy past, to be reborn in an untainted present.
In the wake of the release of Spielberg’s Lincoln it was common to see pundits remark with amazement on the enduring public fascination with the sixteenth president. The biopic grossed $84 million by the beginning of December-a grand haul for a historical drama with no special effects and an ending we’ve known since grade school.
But viewed from another angle, the question becomes not why we are still intrigued by Lincoln but how we could not be. His life contains epic themes: genius, war, personal loss, a narrative arc in which a barely schooled young man goes on to produce some of the most elegant prose in the American canon and a role in ending the wretchedness of slavery. The capacity of his life to inspire and intrigue is rivaled only by its capacity to exonerate. It is this last element that takes center stage in Spielberg’s film. The director’s artistic choice to focus on the last four months of the president’s life is simultaneously a choice to focus on his finest hour and to not focus on the troubled, torturous path he traveled to get there. There is no Frederick Douglass here goading the president toward the more humanitarian position, no Whites rioting at the prospect of being drafted to fight for Negro freedom.
On the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, we see unwitting testimony to our ongoing racial quagmire in the reductive ways we discuss the author of that document and the reasons for slavery’s end. We speak volumes about our impasses in the glib, self-congratulatory way we discuss the election of the president most ostensibly tied to Lincoln’s legacy.
It’s important to note that Spielberg’s film about the death of slavery all but ignores the Proclamation. That choice allowed the director-and his audience-to avoid both Lincoln’s support for the mass colonization of free blacks and also the fact that the now-hallowed Proclamation left nearly a million slaves in chains. It also made unnecessary any discussion of the uncomfortable truth that the Proclamation was devised in part as a war measure to ensure the loyalties of border states and deprive the Confederacy of its labor force, while leaving open the question of the South getting those very slaves back, should they return to the Union.
Instead, Spielberg’s Lincoln centers on the comparatively clean moral lines surrounding the Thirteenth Amendment. But like a great deal of the popular ideas about Lincoln, the film confuses the president’s strategic ideas with his moral ones, and in so doing shifts the landscape toward redemption.
At issue here are not just Lincoln’s actions, but the context for those actions and the motives behind them. The film highlights that Lincoln, in fighting for a constitutional amendment, freed four million enslaved Blacks, as well as untold generations yet to be born. The film does not highlight that by 1865, Lincoln would have known very well that permanently ending slavery would also deprive the readmitted Southern states of the labor force that had allowed it to nearly tear the country in half. The amendment was no less strategically motivated than the Proclamation had been. Arguing that the end of the war gave Lincoln leeway to strike the blow against slavery he’d patiently waited for overlooks the fact that Congress had attempted to pass the amendment in the previous session-when the outcome of the war was far less certain. After the amendment passed Lincoln referred to it as a “king’s cure for all the evils,” but in his annual address given months earlier, in December 1864, he spoke of it as a prerogative of preserving the nation:
In a great national crisis like ours, unanimity of action among those seeking a common end is very desirable, almost indispensable. And yet no approach to such unanimity is attainable unless some deference shall be paid to the will of the majority simply because it is the will of the majority. In this case the common end is the maintenance of the Union, and among the means to secure the end such will, through the election, is more clearly declared in favor of such Constitutional amendment. (Emphasis added.)
The strategic and moral benefits of Lincoln’s actions are not mutually exclusive, but the need for a redemption figure makes us behave as if they are. The fact that Black freedom occurred because a particular set of national interests aligned with ending slavery doesn’t diminish the moral importance of it. Indeed, the moral high ground here is that Lincoln, unlike millions of Americans in both the South and the North, was able to recognize that slavery was not more important than the Union itself.
This seems somehow insufficient to the definition of heroism today, but it shouldn’t. The by-product of our modern, mythical Lincoln is that he allows us to shift our gaze to one American who ended slavery rather than the millions who perpetuated and defended it. By lionizing Lincoln, we are able to concentrate on the death of an evil institution rather than its ongoing legacy. The paradox is that Lincoln’s death enabled later generations to impatiently wonder when Black people would cease fixating on slavery and just get over it.
When Obama cast himself in the mold of Lincoln in 2007, he could not have known how deeply he would find himself mired in the metaphor. As a recent Pew Study revealed, our country is more divided along partisan lines today than at any point since they’ve been conducting studies. Basic demographic divisions-gender, race, ethnicity, religion, and class-do not predict differences in values more than they have in the past. Men and women, Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics, the highly religious and the less religious, and those with more and less education differ in many respects, but those differences have not grown in recent years, and for the most part they pale in comparison to the overwhelming partisan divide we see today. This is only partly because of the growth of cable news programs offering relentless blue-versus-red commentary and a la carte current events. It’s also because party identity has become a stand-in for all the other distinctions the study explained.
That chasm is the stepchild of the sectionalism of Lincoln’s era. Today, we are another House Divided, though the lines are now drawn more haphazardly. And this is where Obama and Lincoln part ways. In future feature films about the current era, it won’t be the details of the president’s life that will be redacted, but the details of our own. More specifically, it will be the details of those Americans who greeted Obama’s reelection with secession petitions; those who reacted to the 2008 election by organizing themselves and parading racially inflammatory banners in the nation’s capital; those who sought solace from demagogues and billionaire conspiracy theorists who demanded that a sitting president prove his own citizenship.
The heralded “Age of Obama” began with a sugar high of postracialism, but four years later the number of Whites subscribing to explicitly racist ideas about Blacks had increased, not diminished. The vision of a Black person executing the duties of the nation’s highest office was supposed to become mundane; we were supposed to take his identity for granted. Somewhere there was a little-voiced hope among Black people that his simple existence as President would be a daily brief for our collective humanity, that we would be taken to be every bit as ordinary as the man occupying the Oval Office.
At points in the last four years, it seemed as if we could live in a poetic moment, as if our founding documents could be taken at face value. But the numbers tell us it’s not true. Many Americans have reacted to the promise of the Obama era as a threat, as a harbinger of the devaluing currency of whiteness. The problem is not that these people want to take their country back, it’s that they were loathe to share it in the first place. The recalcitrant racism of the Obama era will be as vexing to the story of American virtue as Lincoln’s racial failings were to those of his era. Lincoln was not as flawless as we’ve been told, and we are not as virtuous as we’ve begun to tell ourselves.
To be clear, though, something in the nation has changed. At no point prior to 2008 could a presidential aspiration have been so effectively yoked to this yearning for a clear racial conscience. But beneath the high-blown, premature rhetoric of postracialism lies the less inspirational fact that those changes were as much about math as they were about morality.
Depending on your perspective, we have either reached a point of racial maturity that facilitated the election of an African-American president or we’ve reached a point where a supermajority of Black voters, a large majority of Latino and Asian ones, and a minority of White people are capable of winning a presidential election. Again, these ideas need not be mutually exclusive, but the need for clean lines and easy redemption makes us behave as if they are.
Lincoln’s apotheosis inspired self-congratulation among Whites and a backlash of doubt and outright disdain among Blacks. Among many African-Americans, a justifiable skepticism of Lincoln as the original Friend of the Negro has morphed into a broader dismissal of him altogether. But however conservative and incrementalist his policies seemed to them, and to many of us today, they were still far too radical for John Wilkes Booth and the millions who sympathized with him.
Lincoln’s death is further evidence that men who are ahead of their times have a tendency to die at the hands of men who are behind them. It is also proof that the simple sentiment that the Union was more important than slavery was, in its own right, radical. However far Lincoln was from advocating racial equality, his second inaugural address stands as a monument of national conscience:
Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bond-men’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash, shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said “the judgments of the Lord, are true and righteous altogether.”
Indeed, the real problem is not that the nation has so consistently sought balm for its racial wounds, and drafted Lincoln-and Obama-for those purposes; it’s the belief that we could be absolved from the past so cheaply. No Lincoln, not even an unfailingly moral one who was killed in service of a righteous cause, could serve as an antidote for ills that persisted, and continue to persist, for a century and a half after his demise. We find ourselves now in circumstances where actual elements of racial progress are jeopardized precisely because we’ve smugly accepted the idea of ourselves as racially progressive.
The Thirteenth Amendment states that “[n]either slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” We are a nation in which a Black president holds office while more than half a million duly convicted Black men populate the prisons and county and municipal jails hold hundreds of thousands more. The symbolic ideal of postracialism masks a Supreme Court that may undermine affirmative action in higher education and the preclearance clause of the Voting Rights Act.
Our most recent election saw both unprecedented Black turnout and efforts at Black voter suppression that resound with echoes of bad history. Black unemployment, even among the college educated, remains vastly higher than it is for Whites. (Among the more hideous hypocrisies of the recent election was Mitt Romney’s cynical appeals to Black Americans, pointing out that Blacks have suffered disproportionately in the Obama economy. The Black president, we were to believe, is now also responsible for racism in the labor market.)
Obama himself was wise to these contrasts as far back as 2008, when he gave the speech in Philadelphia that saved his political career.
[W]ords on a parchment would not be enough to deliver slaves from bondage, or provide men and women of every color and creed their full rights and obligations as citizens of the United States. What would be needed were Americans in successive generations who were willing to do their part-through protests and struggle, on the streets and in the courts, through a civil war and civil disobedience and always at great risk-to narrow that gap between the promise of our ideals and the reality of their time.
The election of an African-American president is a watershed in our history. But the takeaway is that what we do during these moments is somehow smaller than what we do between them, that our heroes are no better than we are, nor do they need to be. Harriet Tubman is often cited as saying she could have freed more blacks if only she’d been able to convince them they were slaves. In our own era, the only impediment to realizing the creed of “We Shall Overcome” is the narcotic belief that we already have.

Jelani Cobb is the author of “The Substance of Hope: Barack Obama and the Paradox of Progress” and the director of the Institute for African-American Studies at the University of Connecticut. This article, the ninth of an 11-part series on race, is sponsored by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation and was originally published by the Washington Monthly Magazine.

Prosecutors secure 30-year sentence in 30-year-old murder

Posted by Admin On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

Defendant captured after profile on ‘America’s Most Wanted’

A former Chicago man who reportedly fled to Mexico after committing murder in 1982 was sentenced to 30 years in the Illinois Department of Corrections, according to the Office of Cook County State’s Attorney Anita Alvarez.

Bruno Salgado, 58, whose last known address was in Ramsey, Minnesota, was convicted earlier this summer of the 1982 murder of 28-year-old Ismael Solano.

According to prosecutors, on July 10, 1982, Solano and two friends went to a bar in the 2700 block of North Lincoln after work. A short time later, Salgado and a friend arrived at the same bar. Salgado, Solano and his companions all worked at the same company and were acquainted with each other. Salgado became loud and unruly at the bar and Solano told him to quiet down. An argument between the two escalated into a physical altercation outside when Solano and his friends were leaving. During the fight, Salgado’s friend was hit in the head with a beer bottle, after which Salgado went to his car and retrieved a gun. Salgado shot Solano and both his friends. Solano later died from his injuries. Salgado fled the scene on foot. Several witnesses identified Salgado as the shooter.

Salgado fled Illinois to escape prosecution for this crime, first to California, then Mexico and finally Minnesota. In December of 2006, the crime was profiled on the television show ‘America’s Most Wanted.’ Numerous tips on Salgado’s whereabouts came in and he was arrested in August 2010 in Minnesota.

Salgado was found guilty of first degree murder and aggravated battery in a bench trial before Judge Vincent Gaughan on June 25, 2013. Judge Gaughan sentenced Salgado yesterday to 30 years in the Illinois Department of Corrections.

State’s Attorney Alvarez thanked Assistant State’s Attorney Risa Lanier, the Chicago Police Department and the FBI for their work on this case.

2013 Xerox Technical Minority Scholarship Program to give away $10,000 scholarships

Posted by Admin On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

Deadline to apply is September 30, 2013

Nationwide (BlackNews.com) — Xerox is committed to the academic success of all minority students. That’s why they are offering a Technical Minority Scholarship that awards between $1,000 and $10,000 to qualified minorities enrolled in a technical or engineering degree program at the bachelor level or above.

Applicants must have a GPA average of 3.0 or better and must be US citizens or visa-holding Permanent Residents of African American, Asian, Pacific Island, Native American, Native Alaskan, or Hispanic descent. The scholarship is not available to family members of Xerox employees.

To apply, students must download and complete an application. Next, they must have the Financial Aid Office fill out the bottom half of the form, and attach a copy of their resume. The package must then be submitted via postal mail to the Xerox scholarship office in Rochester, New York. Recipients of the scholarship will be notified by the end of December.

To apply for the Xerox Technical Minority Scholarship, visit:

To search hundreds of other 2013-2014 scholarships, visit:

Yes, $15 an Hour

Posted by Admin On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

By William Spriggs

On Aug. 29, across the country, thousands of workers in low-paying jobs stood up to demand $15 an hour. Most were at fast-food restaurants. There are many people who support the need for these workers to be paid more. They understand the unfairness of multinational corporations profiting on the wages of low-wage work. And, this past Monday on Labor Day, they probably reflected on the value of work and honoring the people who literally built this country.

To many people it is almost obscene that the CEO of McDonald’s, for instance, gets a compensation package worth $13.8 million a year; a giant raise from his 2011 pay of $4.1 million, a pay level that equals 915 full-time, full-year minimum wage workers at McDonald’s. If pay truly reflected the productivity of workers, then presumably if 915 McDonald’s workers went on strike, he would be able to fill in and do their work.

Still, understanding that the price of the hamburger was probably much more affected by giving the CEO a $9 million raise than the meager demands of the people serving them their food, many people scratched their heads at the notion the workers’ wages could be set at $15 an hour; a level they now equate with more “skilled” workers. This reflects the breakdown in our nation’s understanding of the value of work and the productivity of America’s workers. So, it is important to give an understanding of $15 an hour and why it is necessary for us to embrace this movement.

The day before the strike, Aug. 28, the nation paused to recall the 50th anniversary of the March for Jobs and Freedom in Washington. It was a big celebration that masked the divisions of the country at that time and surrounded the movement to gain dignity for Americans held in the shadows from the light of America’s middle-class freedoms. We will, no doubt, see smaller notice given to the bombing that followed weeks later in the Rev. Fred Shuttleworth’s church in Birmingham that killed four little girls. Nor should we should forget the final endgame of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s journey for justice five years after the march, when he was assassinated in Memphis continuing his struggle for dignity and freedom for sanitation workers.

In 1966, in line with the demands of the March for Jobs and Freedom, the minimum wage was increased and its coverage extended to include certain state and local government employees; those who worked in hospitals, nursing homes and schools. It did not include sanitation workers. But, it did boost the minimum wage to $1.60 an hour in 1968. The Center for Economic Research and Policy has compared that minimum wage to changes in wages, prices and productivity to put it in context. Adjusting for inflation, today that would be $10.52 an hour.

In 1968, 40 percent of the sanitation workers in Memphis qualified for welfare payments because their wages were too low to pull their families out of poverty. Reflecting on that, Dr. King was moved to give the ultimate Labor Day sentiment:

If you will judge anything here in this struggle, you’re commanding that this city will respect the dignity of labor. So often we overlook the worth and significance of those who are not in professional jobs, or those who are not in the so-called big jobs. But let me say to you tonight, that whenever you are engaged in work that serves humanity, and is for the building of humanity, it has dignity, and it has worth. One day our society must come to see this. One day our society will come to respect the sanitation worker if it is to survive….

You are doing another thing. You are reminding, not only Memphis, but the nation that it is a crime for people to live in this rich nation and receive starvation wages….

Do you know that most of the poor people in our country are working every day? They are making wages so low that they cannot begin to function in the mainstream of the economic life of our nation. These are facts which must be seen. And it is criminal to have people working on a full-time basis and a full-time job getting part-time income.

We have, as a nation, moved a long distance from those words. Instead, we have come to accept low wages, and there are many who argue that if we are concerned with the poor, then we should simply subsidize low wages; in short, put working people on welfare as was the case in Memphis in 1968. They want to ignore Dr. King and undo the success of that strike. A strike that pulled together the labor movement, the NAACP, Dr. King’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the Memphis black community; much as the coming AFL-CIO Convention in Los Angeles will bring together today’s allies of decent work.

But subsidizing low wages is inefficient. It actually subsidizes what low-wage companies produce. When employers pay wages too low to support workers, it is society that then must pay for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program so the workers can eat, and housing assistance so they have a roof over their heads, child care block grants so someone can watch over their children, Medicaid so they have access to health care and grant them tax relief with Earned Income Tax Credits to prevent the government from further impoverishing them. That means we are subsidizing many billion-dollar multinational corporations; a weird form of corporate welfare.

General subsidies are inefficient, because it means we will artificially lower the price of those goods, making them cheap to rich and poor alike. It lacks targeting. Further, it can lead to favoring low-wage industries that may not produce outcomes society values so high. Many people believe that the American diet of fatty fast foods has made us a nation that is obese and is contributing to new projections that our children will lead shorter – not longer – lives. If there are goods we think would be priced too high for segments of the economy if workers’ earned decent wages, then the most efficient thing is to subsidize those individuals who would be priced out of the market; as might be the decision of society with child care or the care of the elderly, two industries where the median wage is less than $10 an hour.

It makes far more sense that these huge corporations pay wages that reflect the productivity of their workers. Since the late 1970s, America has gone on a crooked path. The productivity of America’s workers has gone up, but the pay of America’s workers has gone flat. That difference, between what Americans can produce and what Americans earn creates a gaping problem: if people can’t buy what is being made, then increasing their productivity can only lead to lower levels of employment. From 1980 to 2007, the solution was to let workers borrow enough money to make up for that gap, so demand would meet the rise in productivity and we could keep employment up.

Obviously, such a scheme falls under Herb Stein’s Law, “If something cannot go on forever, it will stop.” And in 2008, the notion that household debt could rise, with incomes staying flat, to fill the gap came to a stop. Now, we must return to paying workers for their productivity to fill the gap between increased productivity and earnings.

So, reminded of the moral call from Dr. King, and the basic economics of ECON 101, we come to the current situation. Even if we believed that low-wage workers have not kept up with average productivity advances-note that a McDonald’s worker today produces far more sales per square foot and hour than a McDonald’s worker in 1968-and we set the minimum wage to reflect only half the gain in average productivity since 1968, then today the minimum wage would have to be $15.34 an hour. So the worker serving you food at that wage would not themselves need help with food stamps to buy food. And, more importantly, we would be moving back toward paying workers so they can afford to buy the goods coming from increased productivity, rather than getting rid of workers when productivity goes up for the lack of buyers.

There should be a related clause to Stein’s law that “if something is common sense, eventually it will be common.”

Follow Spriggs on Twitter: @WSpriggs.

Contact: Amaya Smith-Tune Acting Director, Media Outreach AFL-CIO 202-637-5142.

National Veterans Art Museum to host two events as part of Chicago Artists Month

Posted by Admin On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

In partnership with Arts Alive/45, the National Veterans Art Museum will unveil a new mural installation created by veteran artists and host a poetry reading and performance arts piece this October

CHICAGO, IL – On Saturday, October 5, 2013 the National Veterans Art Museum (NVAM) and Arts Alive/45 (AA45) will host the unveiling of a new mural created by two independent artists at 1:00pm and a poetry performance event at the NVAM at 3 p.m. as part of Chicago Artists Month.

The mural will be unveiled in the parking courtyard behind 4023 N. Milwaukee Avenue, between Six Corners and the NVAM on the east side. The mural installation is composed of two distinct creations, each by a veteran who responded to the call for proposals, “How I’ve Changed What I See,” issued in March.

Artist Jeff Kierna is a disabled veteran who served as Forward Observer for an infantry company in the army with a  three year active duty enlistment. He served two combat tours during those three years and was stationed in the Korean DMZ and between Fallujah and Ramadi in Iraq. Kierna lives and works in Chicago as a student and security guard and is on the waiting list for the Chicago Fire Department.

Of his piece, entitled “Scars Make Warriors,” Kierna says, “My inspiration for this work has been my own struggle, pain, and road to recovery. The images reflect the things that have changed me as a man and the scariness of my personal journey. The human image is faceless to represent the unlimited possibility tomorrow brings and how each of our personal situations is never set in stone.” Kierna’s work is an 8 foot by 20 foot aerosol mural on metal panels designed to be able to tour.

Artist Phil Cashdollar is an Army veteran who served as a Military Advisor in Vietnam from 1970-1971. Cashdollar is now retired and living in Indiana and pursuing his love of art. Cashdollar’s love of art started before his time in the service and has grown in the years since. Cashdollar’s portion of the mural is entitled “Tears of War” and will be painted in acrylic on metal sign panels.

Both artists will be available at the opening to discuss how art changes what they see, as well as the search, expression and validation that comes through art.

The poetry performance is a collaborative piece between poet Carma Lynn Park and visual artist Scottie Kersta-Wilson with guest dancer Ginger Jensen. Entitled “The Poet’s Eye, The Artist’s Voice,” their work explores themes of war and nature using projected images, haiku-like poems and movement. Of the performance and collaboration with the NVAM and AA45, Park says, “We are pleased to have this opportunity to put so many different kinds of art together in one afternoon. Working with the NVAM and AA45 will help us reach a broader audience to share the experience of war and its consequences.”

Alderman John Arena celebrated the collaboration, stating, “I’m excited to have these engaging and important works at Six Corners. This is another example of why the National Veterans Art Museum and Chicago Artists Month are so important to our community.”

Past Chicago Artists Month performances by Park and Kersta-Wilson have taken place at Regulus Coffee House Company, Voice of the City, and Heartland Cafe.

About Chicago Artists Month
The 18th annual Chicago Artists Month (CAM) is an open call to individual artists and organizations for events that feature Chicago-based artists, in a public venue in Chicago, during the month of October. A marketing initiative of the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs and Special Events, CAM showcases the work Chicago’s independent artists and arts organizations, highlights arts activity in Chicago neighborhoods, drives tourism, encourages collaboration and provides opportunities for creative expression and education for all Chicagoans. Learn more about CAM at http://www.chicagoartistsmonth.org/.

About the National Veterans Art Museum

The National Veterans Art Museum is dedicated to the collection, preservation, and exhibition of art inspired by combat and created by veterans. No other gallery in the world focuses on the subject of war from an artistic perspective, making this collection truly unique. The National Veterans Art Museum addresses both historical and contemporary issues related to military service in order to give patrons of all backgrounds insight into the effects of war and to provide veterans an artistic outlet to work through their military and combat experiences.

The National Veterans Art Museum is located at 4041 N. Milwaukee Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. The National Veterans Art Museum will be open Tuesday through Saturday from 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. Admission is free. For group admission reservations, call the Museum at 312/326-0270 or visitwww.nvam.org.

Patrons of the museum can access art from the permanent collection and biographical information on the artists through the NVAM Collection Online, a recently launched online and high-resolution archive of every piece of art in the museum’s permanent collection. The NVAM Collection Online can be found at www.nvam.org/collection-online. Follow on Twitter

Be Someone Founder Orrin “Checkmate” Hudson to bring his life-size Chess Board to Georgia World Congress Center September 14, 2013

Posted by Admin On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

National Chess Champion brings unique use of chess to teach life’s lessons to urban youth at “For Sisters Only” event in Atlanta, Georgia

Atlanta, GA (BlackNews.com) — In two weeks , Saturday, September 14, Be Someone founder Orrin “Checkmate” Hudson will bring his innovative, unique use of the game of chess to teach lessons that can make a difference in young lives. At the annual family event hosted by V103, Hudson will face 20 chess opponents simultaneously. Be Someone will also host two-hour chess training sessions for children.

“This is a fantastic opportunity for Atlanta youth to learn not only chess, but several important life lessons,” said Hudson. “Be Someone teaches children critical thinking skills through chess, including analytical thinking, using failure as a learning opportunity and that actions have consequences.”

Saturday, September 14, 2013
1pm to 3pm
(Play each other from 3pm to closing)

For Sisters Only
Georgia World Congress Center
The Kid Zone, Building C near Northside Drive, Exhibit Hall C1-C3
285 Andrew Young International Boulevard
Atlanta, GA 30313

Be Someone was founded by Hudson, a former Alabama State Trooper and author of One Move at a Time, to help at-risk youth make better life decisions using a very unusual tool: a chessboard. In 2001, Hudson learned of an incident in which seven New York Wendy’s employees were shot, five of whom died – for a mere $2,400. This tragic incident inspired Hudson to quit his job and use his life savings to found Be Someone.

Now, Hudson travels the country mentoring children to value KASH – Knowledge, Attitude, Skills and Habits – over cash. Since its founding in 2001, Be Someone has touched the lives of over 20,000 students across the country and has had amazing success with increasing grade point averages, classroom participation and attendance through the mantras, “Brains Before Bullets; Think It Out, Don’t Shoot It Out; Heads up, Pants up, Grades up and Never Give up!” By 2020, Be Someone hopes to have made a difference in close to one million students’ lives.

To invite Orrin “Checkmate” Hudson to energize your next event, visit www.besomeone.org or call 770-465-6445.

Watch his recent appearance on CNN:

Acclaimed Chicago Actor Larry Yando returns as Scrooge in “A Christmas Carol,” directed for the first time by Henry Wishcamper November 16 – December 28

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Young performer auditions for Sunday, September 22, 10 A.M. – 2 P.M.

CHICAGO, IL – Goodman Theatre marks its 36th production of A Christmas Carol, “the crown jewel of the holiday season” (Daily Herald), directed by Artistic Associate Henry Wishcamper. Larry Yando, who most recently appeared as Shere Khan in The Jungle Book, returns for his sixth year as Ebenezer Scrooge, a performance hailed as “rich, multilayered, wholly satisfying” (Chicago Reader) and “altogether irresistible” (Chicago Sun-Times). The Goodman invites performers aged 5 to 17 of every ethnic background to audition for five roles including Tiny Tim and Martha Cratchit on Sunday, September 22 from 10am – 2pm (in-person registration takes place from 9:30 – 11:30am in the Goodman lobby; no phone calls, please). Performers should prepare a memorized poem or monologue (one minute or less in length); sing one verse of a song, preferably a traditional holiday song or Christmas carol, without musical accompaniment; and bring a photo and resume including age, height, weight, previous theatrical and related experience/training (although experience is not required), address and contact information.

For 36 years, A Christmas Carol at Goodman Theatre, the “granddaddy of Chicago holiday entertainment” (Time Out Chicago), has hosted seven directors, eight Scrooges, 31 Tiny Tims, and nearly 20,000 “Bah, Humbug!”s. Based on Charles Dickens’ classic 1843 novella, A Christmas Carol is the unforgettable tale of the miserly Ebenezer Scrooge, a wealthy business man with no family and a disdain for holiday cheer and the poor in Victorian London. One Christmas, Scrooge is visited by four ghosts who take him on an incredible journey that offers him a new perspective on everything from his dusty past to his dark future, and presents him with an opportunity to sympathize with his fellow man and rediscover life and love.

A Christmas Carol runs November 16 – December 28 in the Goodman’s Albert Theatre (opening night is November 24). Tickets ($25 – $83) are on sale now at GoodmanTheatre.org/Joy, by phone at 312.443.3800 or at the box office (170 North Dearborn). BMO Harris Bank is the Major Corporate Sponsor and Aon Corporation is the Corporate Sponsor Partner. Goodman subscriptions, including the WILD CARD, can be purchased at the box office (170 North Dearborn) or by phone at 312.443.3800. Mezztix are half-price mezzanine tickets available at 12 noon at the box office, and at 10am online (promo code MEZZTIX) day of performance; Mezztix are not available by telephone. 10Tix are $10 rear mezzanine tickets for students available at 12 noon at the box office, and at 10am online on the day of performance; 10Tix are not available by telephone; a valid student I.D. must be presented when picking up the tickets; limit four per student with I.D. All tickets are subject to availability and handling fees apply. Discounted Group Tickets for 15 persons or more are available at 312.443.3820. Purchase Goodman Gift Certificates in any amount at GoodmanTheatre.org. The flexibility of Goodman Gift Certificates allows recipients to choose the production, date and time of their performance. Artists, dates and ticket prices are subject to change.

Pastor Lottie Woods Hall Honored – Went to jail with Dr. Martin Luther King

Posted by Admin On September - 9 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

‘Jailed with Dr. King, she continues to walks that spiritual walk’

By Rev. Harold E. Bailey

President of Probation Challenge/PCC Broadcast Network

As the United States celebrates the 50th Anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King and the March on Washington, I was privileged to be a special guest speaker/presenter for an appreciation service given in honor of Pastor Lottie Woods Hall. Hall resides in Greenville, South Carolina, and is the Servant Leader of The Intercessory Center.

History regarding this unsung woman of God, extends back to the days of her being jailed with the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., in the early civil rights movement. As a jailed detainee in Birmingham, Alabama, Lottie Woods, then a young student, led hymns and gospel music that would resonate throughout the facility. Incarcerated civil rights detainees (and others) joined in the joyful sounds of music, and as a result… the jail became a large gospel choir rendering hope, encouragement and faith to the movement.

Lottie Woods, then a young student-age-girl full of energy, had a sincere purpose and vision. Over the years she has maintained that energy, purpose and vision as an adult! More than often she reminds the people of her theme … “Standing in the gap and making up the hedge on behalf of the felt needs of people.” Much of her life has been a focus on helping others, especially those who could not assist themselves.

At this appreciation service, my seat was positioned where I could see the faces of attendees. I saw faces with tears as others were broadened  by a smile. I observed some who had not been apprised of Pastor Hall’s history… their faces were given to surprise! At that moment, I thought how wonderful it would be if people around the world would take just a moment to salute persons who have brought constructive change into their lives. And if one does not know who the bridge is that brought you over the burning sands of time, it would be wise to become educated to the facts. Ask questions … and demand serious answers!

In our African American struggle for justice, it would be nice to applaud those who made the supreme sacrifice of giving their blood, sweat and tears to the civil-right-struggle! We want to believe that most people know Black American Historical History – but I’m embarrassed to say that many African-Americans don’t, and now in Chicago, we are discovering what’s believed to be a conspiracy for the history not to be instructed! In that auditorium, there were young folk with amazement on their faces as to the compliments of this woman, but yet shocked that she, an honorable woman would be in their midst, their Servant Leader … their Pastor!

In observing the civil rights movement down through the corridors of time, it has been noted that many of those persons who traveled the freedom roads, few are left among us! Hall was spared the hand of folk who would seek the demise of people deemed as Colored/Negros/Black Folk. She was spared only but… by the grace of God!

How can we dismiss the fact that many freedom travelers were killed seeking to bring about the massive changes we enjoy today! Pastor Hall marched in that awareness cause that shook this nation – and wrote its history on the tables of time that shall never be forgotten!

We shudder to think, had such greats as  Dr. Martin L. King, Fred Shuttleworth, Andrew Young, Ralph Abernathy, Abraham and Calvin Woods (Lottie’s brothers), and others had not adhered to the voice of God and stepped up to the plate of injustice with justice, and with the mighty enduring strength imparted by God, what spiritual condition would African Americans be in today? We thank God for soldiers of the cross who marched fearlessly, knowing that their lives were in the hands of those who were bitter and disrespectful as to their merely being humans.

Today, we enjoy eating where we choose and spending dollars where we can get the best benefits. Today, contrary to many yesterdays, we have an opportunity to speak back to those who disrespect us! We should not forget those who opened their mouths and spoke back legally to the foul demons of injustices.

After a hard day of demonstrating, some would return to their homes, while others opted to gather in various churches to enjoy preaching, teaching, while exchanging various experiences encountered on that day.

Again, some were uncomfortable with marching! Some other civil rights adults and youth decided they would do more than just walk … they would take it further! Dr. Martin Luther King and an organized group gathered to march, they were decent and were in order… that group was treated rather rough by the powers-that-be, but they continued to march, arrested and went to jail. Many would sleep on the cold concrete floor, however their spirits were warmed in the embrace of their fellowship with God.

Young Lottie Woods, didn’t know at that time that God had selected her and others liken to her for a journey that would continue into eternity.

Hall speaks little about the famous marches and civil rights struggles she has encountered, but rather she teaches and preaches out of the depth of her experiences. She teaches not as conventional bodies of believers, but with biblical truth, and has no fear of spiritual reprisal! Her ministry to those who would dare listen, one would not believe that this humble person, soft spoken, but yet under the anointing of God, becomes a spiritual lightning rod!

If only our present youth across the United States would get excited regarding their standing up to challenges that are wrong. They have the fresh strength that’s needed in battle! God chooses youth because they are strong! Youth can march and speak openly today because of warrior of our yesterdays! Youth who have much to say, can positively express (rap) their views regarding today’s ill-issues because of the warriors of our yesterdays, there are few excuses. They can stand as the youth then stood… tall and didn’t take a ‘no positive change’ for an answer!

We salute Pastor Lottie Woods Hall, and others like her for being an example as to what God can do with our vessels – if we choose to let Him! Pastor Hall, the mighty woman of God, allowed without question the Almighty to take her to great heights and deeper depths that were unknown to her. Today, she offers no apology for the path she has traveled. She believes that her steps have been ordered by the Lord.

Pastor Hall, has preached for over 40-plus-years and serves as Servant Leader with ‘The Intercessory Center’ in Greenville, South Carolina, for 17-years. Hall traveled and recorded with the pioneering Harold Bailey Singers, out of Chicago. The noted group recorded for the Savoy label.

Pastor Lottie Woods Halls, born in Birmingham, Alabama, is privileged to have a family consisting of ministers, musicians, doctors, nurses, missionaries, and other professions.

In my conversation with many of the Woods family members, they all have professed their love affair with God.

Sitting quietly with great admiration at the appreciation service, was Pastor Pauline Franks, Storehouse of Faith Ministry Church, Greenville, South Carolina. Franks, who orchestrated the event along with members of The Intercessory Center, stated that Hall, “Is truly a women of God!” Franks declared Pastor Lottie Woods Hall to be her Pastor.

Serving as mistress of ceremonies, Pastor Franks invited people from around the country to attest to Pastor Hall’s ministerial dedication. Linda Singfield, from New York City, with credentials in the corporate world, raised her voice with strong testimony giving praises as to what God through Hall had done in her life. Stephen Hampton, principal at one of the High Schools in Greenville, noted how she had influenced his life. Youth and adult members of her Intercessory Center, took time to express their feelings of spiritual appreciation and growth under Hall’s leadership. A forceful body of three young ladies gave a praise-dance-rendition that brought the house to their feet. Leaders of the local ministerial alliance gave tributes. All who spoke and rendered acclaims were exceptional and well received.

It certainly appears that Pastor Hall has obeyed the voice of God, and in doing so, has planted the good seeds of righteousness … and is now reaping a good harvest in her season. Hall has proclaimed that there is much work to be done, and has now decided to return to her weekly Internet television broadcast, which travels the world 24/7 through the PCC Network/WWW.ProbationChallenge.org – The Truth Network. Because of immediate deaths and illness in her family, she temporarily relinquished the helm of her broadcast which was heard by millions around the globe.

Pastor Hall, recently received the noted ‘Portrait of Achievers’ Award from the Probation Challenge Organization in Chicago. She was applauded for her outstanding work in helping youth to get a hand-up in life. The 2nd Award was presented to Marshall Thompson of the world famous Chi-Lites.

Documentary of Pastor Lottie Woods Hall, ‘Women of Faith’, may be viewed at: WWW.ProbationChallenge.org – The Truth Network – 24/7 and On-Demand.———————–

Written by Rev. Harold E. Bailey, for Copyline Magazine

President, Probation Challenge, Inc. and The PCC Internet Broadcast Network.

WWW.ProbationChallenge.org The Truth Network

Written for Copyline Magazine

Photo Caption: Pastor Lottie Woods Hall (left) and Pastor Pauline Franks (right).

Philadelphia to host 19th Annual International Locks Conference & Hair, Wholistic Health, and Beauty Expo on October 5-6, 2013

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This Year’s Theme “Wake Up, Rise Up: Keeping It Real Naturally” aims to remove the curtain of racism

Philadelphia, PA (BlackNews.com) — Discussion of solutions, survival, and celebration of African and Aboriginal Indigenous heritage are just some of what will be happening at the 19th Annual International Locks Conference: Natural Hair, Wholistic Health, and Beauty Expo coming October 5 and 6, 2013 at Imhotep Institute Charter High School, 6201 North 21 Street, Philadelphia 19138.

Each year the Kuumba Family Organizing Committee presents an exciting, cultural, and educational event. The conference is much more than a natural hair show, much more than vending of goods and services, and more than a local community event, for it has become a much-anticipated national autumn occasion for family gathering, spiritual renewal, and networking. This year ironically the theme is “Wake Up, Rise Up: Keeping it Real Naturally.” The attendees will have the rare opportunity to hear from and consult with some of the leading herbalists, natural nutritionists, massage therapists, Breathologists, and wholistic health educators and noted practitioners such as Llaila Africa, Ron Norwood, Ayo Handy- Kendi, Cherron Perry-Thomas, Dr. Dewey Thomas, Abundance Child, Dr. Ali Muhammad, Toluwalase Suzzette Ayokunle, Dr. El HaGahn, Minister Enqi, Dr. Akmal Muwwakkil, Dr. Jacquilen Fostor Tomas Ali, Dr. Rafiq Abdul-Malik, Dr. Akosua Ali-Sabree, and Cheryl Tyler of Infinity Health and Wellness Center.

Furthermore, in keeping with the request for answers and solutions the Kuumba Family Organizing Committee is proud to announce the expansion of our popular authors’ corner at the Conference. Although this will be the 19th year of producing this exhilarating conference, it is the first year of featuring an area dedicated to Ida B. Wells and literacy. In addition to being available for inspiring discussions and book signings many talented authors from across the country such as Cathy Harris, Kevin Muhammad, Professor Griff, Professor Salim Haji Amir Ali, Dalani Aamon, Ras Ben, Natty Rebel, Dr. Tiffany Simpkins-Russell, Mwalimu Melodye Micere Van Putten, Dr. Robbin Alston, Nekhena Evans, Minister Alif Ali, Pam Africa, Basiymah Muhammad Bey, and noted historian Runoko Rashidi will also be presenting informative workshops during the conference.

Akosua Ali-Sabree, program director for the event, comments, “With city after city experiencing financial crises, massive closing of public schools, people losing their homes, senior and low cost housing close to non-existent, and unemployment high, seemingly legal lynchings, it is no wonder that many people, indeed the society are facing serious health challenges and/or have questions about, healthy eating, self-care and natural health, stress relief. It is also no wonder that our youth are actively seeking answers and demanding that society remove the blinders to institutional racism. Our event aims to heighten discussion that helps to develop solutions to this global problem.”

For more information, to volunteer, or to register for the annual hair show and competition, contact the Kuumba family at 1-888-305-3186 or log onto the web site: www.Locksconference.com or email: info@LocksConference.com — Advance tickets can be purchased at http://r20.rs6.net/tn.jsp?e=001GsRx4eCIXEvvIf1S4IdWirmLr9nR_ka4GZeSdxr6kYkbdKFwOjiHGmKA5I3gOi9-WRZHPjpwIiu9PvTxDOhEy01n78WZGtcn7eeDSnPcjAEz9bJKoT4kBOTZR_YGpgieUVd0oHFnbrCueAIpIsC9tZ–Zk-PDzOl

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Welcome to CopyLine Magazine! The first issue of CopyLine Magazine was published in November, 1990, by Editor & Publisher Juanita Bratcher. CopyLine’s main focus is on the political arena – to inform our readers and analyze many of the pressing issues of the day - controversial or otherwise. Our objectives are clear – to keep you abreast of political happenings and maneuvering in the political arena, by reporting and providing provocative commentaries on various issues. For more about CopyLine Magazine, CopyLine Blog, and CopyLine Television/Video, please visit juanitabratcher.com, copylinemagazine.com, and oneononetelevision.com. Bratcher has been a News/Reporter, Author, Publisher, and Journalist for 33 years. She is the author of six books, including “Harold: The Making of a Big City Mayor” (Harold Washington), Chicago’s first African-American mayor; and “Beyond the Boardroom: Empowering a New Generation of Leaders,” about John Herman Stroger, Jr., the first African-American elected President of the Cook County Board. Bratcher is also a Poet/Songwriter, with 17 records – produced by HillTop Records of Hollywood, California. Juanita Bratcher Publisher

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